The fundamental requirements of BMP

Understand the threat

  • Maritime threats are dynamic.
  • Obtaining current threat information is critical for risk assessment and decision making.

Conduct risk assessments

  • Companies must conduct risk assessments.
  • Identify ship protection measures.

Implement ship protection measures

  • Harden the ship.
  • Brief and train the crew.
  • Enhanced lookout.
  • Follow Flag State and military guidance.


  • Report to UKMTO and register with MSCHOA.
  • Report incidents and suspicious activity.
  • Send distress signal when attacked.


  • Cooperate with other shipping and military forces.
  • Cooperate with law enforcement to preserve evidence.
  • Cooperate with welfare providers.